Nicotiana planting is really fun.
This trumpet-like flower will emit its fragrance at night.
Find out more about Nicotiana Planting in this article.
What is Nicotiana?
Nicotiana also known as tobacco (Nicotiana spp, L.) is a broadleaf genus that includes plants that are native in North America and South America.
Its leaves are typically utilized as raw materials to make cigarettes, either making use of a pipe or into cigars or cigarettes.
Tobacco leaves may also be chewed or chewed and some even suck tobacco by the nose.
Tobacco is a source of alkaloid nicotine, which is a kind of neurotoxin (nerve poison) that is extremely powerful when applied to insects.
It is commonly utilized as the main ingredient in insecticides.
Nicotiana is part of a genus comprising nearly 67 species of semi-hardy perennials, annuals, as well as a few woody species that are all poisonous.
They can flower all year round when they are grown in the heat of a greenhouse.
Smaller cultivars of this can reach just 8cm in height in height, while the biggest can reach an elevation of 1.5m.
They’re ideal for cultivation as semi-hardy annuals in a sunny and warm spot and in moist, abundant, free-draining soil.
Nicotianas are usually planted as annuals that are half-hardy throughout the UK.
They have a hardiness score at RHS H2 that is ideal for planting in USDA zones 9a-11.
Different Cultivars from Nicotiana Plant
The flowering tobacco cultivars, 67 in all are in existence.
Nicotiana plant is often large which makes the plant bushy.
After knowing several cultivars of nicotiana, planting nicotiana may be fun.
Seeing the flowering tobacco in your garden can make your home look more beautiful.
Some of the cultivars you could choose for your Nicotiana plants include.
– Nicotiana Blend of evening fragrances
A vibrant seed variety with large, extremely fragrant, pendent flowers.
The flowers are prolifically produced throughout the summer, in shades of rose, pink and red, lilac, mauve-purple, and white.
The flowers are most beautiful in the evening and smell great from 6 pm until late into the night, 90cm, RHS H2 USDA 9a-11.
– Nicotiana ‘Babybella’
A new cultivar that has large dark-maroon, dark-blue flowers that are held by stiff spikes.
It blooms all summer long and is an excellent pot plant as well as cut flowers
It is a good match with Ageratum Houstonianum Blue Horizon Cerinthe Major “Purpurascens’, 60cm, RHS H2, USDA 9a-11.
– Nicotiana x sanderae ‘Perfume Deep Purple’
The one in the Perfume Series bred for disease resistance, enhanced flowering, and a strong nighttime scent.
The velvety, upward-facing flowers feature yellow anthers and bloom all through summer, 40cm, RHS H2, USDA 9a-11.
– Nicotiana x sanderae Eau de Cologne mixed
A small bedding mix creates an abundance of blooms facing upwards.
They are in shades of red mauve, pink and purple.
The blooms are resistant to closing in the daytime and will smell great at night.
Great for fronts of the border, or in pots, 50cm, RHS H2, USDA 9a-11.
– Nicotiana x sanderae ‘Little Nicky’
A seed that is shorter with big, upward-facing flowers with hues of pink, white, and red.
The fragrant flowers look appealing when combined with a silver foil-like Plectranthus argentatus or Helichrysum petiolare, 30cm, RHS H2 USDA 9a-11.
Nicotiana planting to flower in your garden is a fairly simple task.
To obtain the strongest Nicotiana plants, cultivate them every year from seeds.
There are a few kinds that grow permanently.
In warmer climates or in a greenhouse that is heated they are able to produce large, durable plants.
It is possible to propagate them using offsets or cuttings.
Even self-sown seedlings that are weeded from the gravel under the benches of greenhouses can re-grow from the roots that remain.
Seeds should be thinly sown on moist, light compost between February and March.
The seed is usually small and should be lightly covered and stored under glass or in the indoors around 18 to 20 degrees Celsius.
Germination usually takes around two weeks and is typically fairly uniform.
Seedlings are then moved in their own individual small pots or plugs once they have grown big enough to be handled.
Be sure that the seedlings have been properly watered prior to transferring them.
This will assist the plants to cope with the pressure of change.
It’s important to remember that tobaccos are brittle, slippery leaves that cling to one another and could crack or tear in the event that you fail to take attention when you separate.
Nicotianas are hungry plants, therefore avoid getting them pot-bound or starving as this could limit their growth and result in tiny spindly plants.
While tobaccos are tolerant of moderate frosts, it’s essential to allow a smooth transition from the greenhouse to your garden.
Nicotiana plants must be dried by placing them by putting them in cold frames prior.
It helps to planting out in the latter part of May.
Even as we approach warmer weather, be aware of the temperatures overnight since a cold, dark night could affect the growth of the plants that are delicate.
It’s better to hold off planting until the risk has gone away and the plant is ready to go.
Nicotianas flourish in damp, thoroughly dug, and lightly sown soil which has been improved by high-quality compost.
Make sure to water and feed them as often as you need throughout the summer.
Slugs and snails are the biggest problem for young plants and create poor-looking holes in leaves.
Also, be aware of whiteflies and aphids which can infest the plants and flowers.
Dry, hot, and humid conditions can make nicotianas susceptible to mildew.
A spray to kill fungi may be required in these circumstances.
Nicotianas have sturdy stems and do not require a lot of staking however in an area that is exposed or during the windy conditions, the plants can sway at the base.
In that case, an elongated cane could be useful to help assist the plants.