List of Cruciferous Vegetables: Health Benefits and Recipes

Cruciferous Vegetables

If you’re looking to add more variety to your diet, cruciferous vegetables are a great place to start. These veggies are not only delicious but also packed with nutrients that are essential for optimal health. In this article, we’ll explore the list of cruciferous vegetables, their health benefits, and some easy recipes to incorporate them into your meals.

What are Cruciferous Vegetables?

Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables belong to the Brassicaceae family and are characterized by their cross-shaped flowers. These veggies are packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making them an excellent addition to a healthy diet. Some of the most popular cruciferous vegetables include:

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Bok choy
  • Arugula
  • Collard greens
  • Kale
  • Radishes
  • Turnips
Nutritional Value (per cup)BroccoliBrussels SproutsCauliflowerKaleCabbage
Carbohydrates (g)118565
Fiber (g)54322
Protein (g)43231
Vitamin C (mg)8175518036
Vitamin K (mcg)921091654772
Folate (mcg)5747571922
Calcium (mg)7137225324
Iron (mg)11111
Nutritional value

Health Benefits of Cruciferous Vegetables

There are many health benefits associated with eating cruciferous vegetables. Here are some of the most notable ones:

Cancer Prevention

Cruciferous vegetables contain compounds called glucosinolates, which break down into biologically active compounds that may help prevent cancer. Studies have shown that consuming cruciferous vegetables is associated with a reduced risk of certain types of cancer, including lung, colon, breast, and prostate cancer.

Improved Digestion

Cruciferous vegetables are high in fiber, which can help regulate digestion and prevent constipation. Additionally, these veggies contain sulforaphane, which has been shown to protect the stomach lining from damage caused by H. pylori bacteria, which can lead to ulcers.

Boosted Immunity

Cruciferous vegetables are rich in vitamins C and K, both of which are essential for a healthy immune system. Vitamin C is also an antioxidant that helps protect the body against damage from free radicals.

Reduced Inflammation

Inflammation is a natural response to injury or infection, but chronic inflammation is linked to a variety of health problems, including heart disease and cancer. Cruciferous vegetables contain anti-inflammatory compounds that may help reduce inflammation in the body.

Easy Recipes Using Cruciferous Vegetables

If you’re looking to incorporate more cruciferous vegetables into your diet, here are some easy recipes to try:

Roasted Broccoli and Cauliflower


  • 1 head of broccoli, chopped into florets
  • 1 head of cauliflower, chopped into florets
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C).
  2. Toss the broccoli and cauliflower with the olive oil, salt, and pepper.
  3. Spread the vegetables in a single layer on a baking sheet.
  4. Roast in the oven for 20-25 minutes, or until tender and golden brown.

Cabbage and Kale Slaw


  • 1/2 head of cabbage, thinly sliced
  • 2 cups chopped kale
  • 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. In a large bowl, combine the cabbage, kale, and parsley.
  2. In a small bowl, whisk together the olive oil, apple cider vinegar, Dijon mustard, salt, and pepper.
  3. Pour the dressing over the vegetables and toss to coat.
  4. Chill the slaw in the fridge for at least 30 minutes before serving.

Stir-Fried Bok Choy and Radishes


  • 4 baby bok choy, chopped
  • 8 radishes, sliced
  • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • 1 tablespoon sesame oil
  • 1 garlic clove, minced
  • 1/2 teaspoon grated fresh ginger
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil


  1. In a small bowl, whisk together the soy sauce, honey, sesame oil, garlic, and ginger.
  2. In a wok or large skillet, heat the vegetable oil over high heat.
  3. Add the bok choy and radishes and stir-fry for 2-3 minutes, or until the vegetables are tender-crisp.
  4. Pour the sauce over the vegetables and toss to coat.
  5. Serve hot with rice or noodles.

In conclusion, cruciferous vegetables are a versatile and delicious addition to any healthy diet. With their numerous health benefits and easy-to-make recipes, there’s no reason not to add them to your weekly meal plan. So, next time you’re at the grocery store, be sure to pick up some broccoli, cabbage, or kale and start reaping the benefits of these amazing veggies.

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