Dracaena deremensis or corn plant is one type of ornamental plant that is currently popular.
As the name suggests, this plant has leaves that resemble corn plants with blade-like leaves that can reach up to 2 feet in length.
Generally, dracaena deremensis is grown indoors because it has the ability to absorb indoor toxins.
This plant belonging to the Dracaenaceae family can be grown outdoors in warm climates or indoors in an in part shade container.
Learn how to plant and care for dracaena deremensis here.
- Dracaena Deremensis Varieties
- How to Grow Dracaena Deremensis
- Dracaena Deremensis Care
Dracaena Deremensis Varieties
Generally, the dracaena deremensis variety has a leaf appearance with a variety of stem sizes and is thought to be able to grow to a height of 60-150 cm.
Here are some of the most popular dracaena deremensis varieties:
1. Dracaena Deremensis Warneckii
Dracaena deremensis warneckii has stiff leaves with gray, green, or white stripes.
Shaped like a sword with a length of about 40-60 cm.
The most popular Warneckii cultivar is Lemon Lime.
This variety will grow well and optimally in a place that has a low intensity of sunlight.
2. Dracaena Deremensis Janet Craig
Janet Craig has dense, flexible dark green leaves.
The Janet Craig Compacta cultivar is smaller but has much smaller leaves even measuring less than 8 inches.
The shape of the leaves is similar to a ribbon with a width of about 5 cm and a length of 30-45 cm.
3. Dracaena Deremensis Longii
Another Dracena deremensis variety, Longii, has a fairly easy-to-recognize shape.
The shape of the leaves is similar to Janet Craig’s but is slimmer and longer with a tapered tip.
The leaves are dark green and in the middle, there is a wide white color that extends from the base to the tip of the leaf.
How to Grow Dracaena Deremensis
Growing Dracaena deremensis is fairly easy.
This tropical plant loves warm weather with temperatures ranging from 60 to 75 degrees F.
Plant dracaena deremensis in well-drained commercial potting soil.
You can also use a mixture of soil, manure, and compost in a 1:1:1 ratio.
If you want to grow them in pots, use a pot that has drainage holes at the bottom and place a tray for dripping water under the pot.
After planting, do watering until the soil is slightly moist.
Even though they are tropical plants, it is best to avoid placing them in direct sunlight.
Also avoid places that have the potential to be exposed to wind, such as near windows or ventilation.
Dracaena Deremensis Care
Not only is it easy to plant, but Dracaena deremensis is also easy to care for.
This ornamental plant only requires minimal maintenance to produce dark green foliage and lush growth.
Here are some treatments needed to optimize the growth of dracaena deremensis:
Dracaena deremensis likes moderate light, although they can tolerate low light conditions.
Low light will only cause some problems such as narrowing of new leaves.
While exposure to sunlight that is too high can bleach the leaves.
Make sure the plant gets enough moisture.
Carry out regular watering especially during periods of active growth.
Consider watering when the top few centimeters of soil dry out between waterings.
Avoid excessive watering until the water boils to prevent root rot.
This plant can grow well in loose soil and is rich in organic matter.
Make sure the soil has good drainage as plant roots are quite susceptible to rot in wet soil.
For plants grown in pots, you can choose a quality commercial potting mix.
In addition to watering, always keep the soil or room moist for optimal plant growth.
Dracaena deremensis is not suitable for rooms with low humidity below 40%.
If this happens, be prepared to see the tips of your dracaena deremensis leaves turning brown.
Try to drizzle the plants using non-fluoridated water and salt every month to provide moisture.
Darcaena deremensis cannot tolerate cold.
Temperatures below 50 degrees F can only cause damage to the leaves.
This plant will do best in temperatures between 75 and 80 degrees F.
Give your dracaena deremensis plants nutrients by feeding them monthly fertilizer.
Use a slow-release or semi-strength liquid fertilizer especially during its growing season.
This type of fertilizer can prevent nutrient deficiencies in plants.
• Pests and Diseases
Fortunately, dracaena deremensis does not susceptible to a serious disease or pest attack.
The fungus that causes leaf spot disease is one of the pests that you need to eradicate.
Generally, this disease can occur when the plant is in wet conditions so to prevent it, do watering directly on the area around the soil.
Avoid watering from the base of the plant and avoid excessive watering that makes the soil muddy.
Some other potential pests, such as scale, thrips, and spider mites, can be treated by spraying a fungicide, horticultural oil, or insecticidal soap.
• Pot and Repotting
Dracaena deremensis plants can grow well in all types of pots as long as they have drainage holes in the bottom.
Place the drip tray under the pot to collect excess water, and it will need to be emptied after each watering.
Adjust the size of the pot with the size of the selected plant.
Repotting when the root ball has filled the pores and the plant has begun to lift the roots out of the drainage holes.
Repot it into a pot one larger size every two or three years in late winter and fill it with commercial potting soil.
Dracaena deremensis actually rarely requires severe pruning.
Generally, they are pruned when they have produced sticks or when they become too numerous.
Also, prune some yellowing and wilting leaves any time or in the spring to improve the appearance of the plant.
Propagation of this plant can be done by cutting old stem segments 10 to 20 cm long within one month.
Let it dry first and then put it in damp sand until roots appear.
After that, new growth will appear from the old leaf marks at the top of the stem in the form of up to three shots.