There are various kinds of croton varieties that you can plant as ornamental plants for your room or as a complement to your garden.
Each variety has a different feel.
Some come in green, red, pink, orange, bronze, yellow, and purple.
This tropical plant comes in more than 100 varieties that you can choose from.
Most varieties like moist soil and a location exposed to sunlight to grow well.
Here are some croton varieties that you can choose from.
• Croton Petra
Croton Petra is the most commonly selected croton varieties as an ornamental plant.
This type of croton has wide and large leaves with a shield-like shape.
They come with gorgeous red, orange, and yellow leaves and can grow up to four to five feet tall.
Native to Southeast Asia, these croton varieties require consistent temperatures ranging from 60 to 85 degrees F.
• Mammy Croton
Slightly different from the type of Croton Petra, Mammy Croton has a leaf shape that is quite unique.
The shape of the leaves is bent, large, thick, and quite shiny, and comes with a softer color.
They come in even more diverse colors, namely bright yellow, red, green, purple, and brown.
This Croton Verities does not like cold temperatures, so you need to move it indoors when the temperature cools down.
• Gold Dust Croton
Equally unique, the gold dust croton has dark green leaves adorned with a sprinkling of shiny golden yellow dots.
This species is very low maintenance, easy to grow, and is defined as an evergreen.
Despite having a fairly slow growth process, they can grow up to 3-6 feet tall.
Another advantage of growing this croton variety is that you just have to plant and let it grow.
• Eleanor Roosevelt Croton
Eleanor Roosevelt Croton is one variety that has the characteristics of wide and long leaves.
They come in a purplish-green color with splattered leaves that are golden yellow in the pattern.
In its history, this croton variety was first bred by Henry Coppinger in 1920.
The name itself was made in honor of the first lady of the United States.
• Croton Mother and Daughter
Not only the name, but the leaves on this plant are also unique.
Of all the croton varities, the Croton Mother and Daughter is the most exotic.
They have long, narrow leaves, which end in spikes that hold tiny leaflets and look cute.
The leaves are dark green to dark purple with yellow or ivory spots and sprinkling.
This type is best grown in a big pots.
• Croton Zanzibar
The leaves of Croton Zanzibar almost look similar to Eleanor Roosevelt where they have narrow leaves of green, purple, red, yellow, and orange.
This fine-leaved variety with a grass-like texture can grow to a maximum height of 3 to 4 feet.
They can serve well as decorative accents in your home.
Just like other croton varieties, Zanzibar croton loves bright light to optimize its growth.
• Bush On Fire Croton
Fire! This sau type has the same nuance as fire, namely long, dappled leaves that are red, orange, pink, and yellow.
Whether indoors or outdoors, they can grow well to 3-5 feet tall with bright, vibrant colors.
How to Grow Croton
In tropical climates, croton is often planted indoors as an ornamental plant.
However, this one plant can also be grown outdoors.
To plant croton, you should choose a variety whose planting requirements match the conditions of your area.
For example, if you live in an area with cold temperatures, choose varieties that are cold tolerant.
However, if you live in an area with consistently warm temperatures, lucky you because that means you can grow all croton varieties.
The USDA hardiness zone suitable for croton is 10 to 12.
You can start planting this croton by preparing rich organic soil.
Plant the croton and proceed immediately by watering the top 2 inches of soil and allowing it to dry before you place it in a permanent position in your home.
Choose an area that has bright light such as a window sill to store this plant.
They are able to tolerate moderate indoor light, but will not grow as many leaves as growing them outdoors in bright light.
How to Care for Croton
As for the care itself, even though it is famous for its fussy care, you can still grow them well as long as the water and light needs are adequate.
You just need to make sure that the croton plant you plant gets enough water, not too much but always regularly so that it can avoid root rot.
Water when the top 2 inches of soil dries out or when new growth is seen in the soil i the tip of the plant is slightly wilted.
Keep the plant out of drafts and cold with temperatures below 60 degrees F to prevent Croton from losing leaves or even dying.
Fertilize your croton plants a month after planting to nourish them.
You can apply it directly to the soil or read the instructions for use on the packaging first.
Prevent plants from damage by pruning.
However, prune only on fallen lower leaves.
This pruning can also help encourage thicker, fresher growth.
Cut branches or stems at the desired height to fill the plant.
You need to know, the croton belongs to the Poinsettia family which has a sticky white sap that will drip from the pruning cut.
Therefore, use gloves when pruning this plant to keep your hands protected.
There are many types of croton varieties, some of which we have described above.
Although it has a beautiful appearance, this one plant is quite poisonous.
If consumed in large quantities, it can cause you to vomit, diarrhea, and stomach discomfort.
The same will happen to your pet who eats it.
When planting and caring for it, always pay attention to the sap that comes out so as not to stain you so as not cause skin irritation.