Cool season vegetables will be the best choice for those of you who want to grow vegetables when the planting time has passed.
Some of these vegetables will have content that is good for the body if planted properly.
Find the right time to plant them and you will have a bountiful harvest.
Types of Cool Season Vegetables
There are many types of cool season vegetables, here are some of them that you can choose to plant.
One of the most popular vegetables, Broccoli is a cool season vegetable that is easy to grow.
They can survive spring frosts, which is about a month before your area’s average last frost date.
The USDA zones suitable for growing broccoli are 2 through 11.
Broccoli loves cool weather so you can plant it in late summer for a fall harvest.
Plant them in well-drained soil in an area of full sun or partial shade.
You can add calendula to beautify your vegetable garden.
One of the plants whose flowers can be eaten is the most favorite to be planted in the garden because it has beautiful flowers.
The flowers come in cream, yellow, or orange colors with petals resembling coneflowers.
Generally, calendula is added to salads or cream-based soups for added spice and garnish.
To grow calendula, plant them in moist, well-drained soil in an area of full sun or partial shade.
Who would have thought that carrots were also included in the cool season vegetables.
Although they won’t have big, long roots in the spring, they are capable of producing a lot of fruit.
When the temperature is cold, the carrots will taste sweeter.
Use well-drained soil for growing carrots.
Simply add a layer of mulch over the roots to keep the soil from freezing then harvest them in late fall and early winter.
Chives is one of the perennial herbs that has a beautiful appearance and is suitable for beautifying your garden.
Edible flowers have a taste similar to onions.
While the leaves taste like classic chives.
Plant them in well-drained soil.
With full sun or partial shade, they will grow to 12 inches tall.
Why Plant Vegetables in the Fall?
You may ask why should you plant vegetables in the fall?
While most plants need full sun to grow, there are some vegetables that don’t require a lot of heat.
Spinach, lettuce, and radishes are some examples of cool season vegetables that can grow well on warm days and cool nights in early fall.
The reason why planting vegetables in the fall is because that season the soil will be warm and comfortable, so germination will take place more quickly.
In winter, insect pests are generally less because at that time the temperature will drop, which is not favored by nuisance insects.
Weed growth is also slower in the fall.
This of course can make the growth of vegetables run faster because there are not many obstacles experienced.
However, plants planted in autumn need moisture, as water does not evaporate out of the soil as quickly as it does when planted in summer.
Unfortunately, although plants planted in the fall germinate more quickly, they take longer to mature due to cooler temperatures.
How Does Temperature Affect Cool Season Vegetables?
In contrast to other types of vegetable crops in general, cool season vegetables are able to grow and develop in cold conditions.
They will not grow much in cold weather, but will continue to reproduce until the soil begins to freeze.
During the day, the soil will store heat from the sun, then when the sun goes down and the air temperature drops, the heat will leave the soil.
To protect your cool season vegatables from the cold, use a cloth to cover your plants so they can hold the warmth more closely.
Avoid the cloth from touching the plants because when the cloth is wet, it can transmit cold air from the air to the leaves which can cause damage to the plant.
Use an inverted wire basket and thread the fabric to capture the most heat.
Wear it right when the sun goes down at night and take it off when the sun has risen again.
Growing Cool Season Vegetables
Growing your own vegetables is profitable.
By growing it yourself, you will get a large harvest that can be harvested several times a year.
You can also better control the use of chemicals so that the results are guaranteed to be healthier than eating line on the market.
These cool season vegetables are best planted in fall, early winter, early spring, or late summer.
Temperatures between 40 and 70 degrees F are the best temperatures for cool season vegetables to grow.
To grow cool season vegetables, know when is the right time to plant them.
When planting cool season vegetables in the spring, you need to make sure they have enough time to reach maturity before the weather turns warmer.
Conversely, when you plant cool season vegetables in late summer or early fall, make sure they have enough time to ripen before the first frost.
Usually in the seed package information is often included about the length of time the seeds or plants take to reach maturity and are ready to be harvested.
Read carefully then do a plan about when to sow, plant, and harvest according to the directions given.
Or you need to know when is the best time to plant cool season vegetables by counting down the days from the average date of the first frost.
Based on USDA hardiness zones, the average first frost dates are as follows:
– Zone 1 = July 15
– Zone 2 = August 15
– Zones 3 and 4 = September 15
– Zones 5, 6, and 7 = October 15
– Zone 8 = November 15
– Zone 9 and 10 = December 15