Having closed terrarium plants for your home decoration can create a beautiful and charming room ecosystem.
Besides having a beautiful appearance, they are also quite easy to set up and care for as long as you choose the right types of plants.
Choosing the right closed terrarium plants can also affect how long they can last.
What are the Best Closed Terrarium Plants?
Best closed terrarium plants have several main requirements that must be met.
Closed terrariums create a self-contained microenvironment that is consistently warm, moist, and humid environments.
So, choose plants that also like warmth and humidity, so they can last a long time.
They must also be of a size that will actually fit in the container you are using.
For closed terrarium plants that are really low maintenance, you can choose plants that grow slower, so you don’t have to prune them constantly.
Also consider choosing plants that have the same lighting requirements if you want to plant more than one species in the same closed terrarium.
Some succulent plants like the Christmas cactus are also low maintenance because you don’t need to water them often.
Choosing the types of plants that can thrive in indirect sunlight can also reduce moisture that covers the terrarium.
In a properly constructed closed terrarium, you don’t even need to water the plants too often because the moisture is constantly circulating.
Can I Put Any Plants in the Terrarium?
Most plants can be placed in a terrarium.
However, some types of plants are only suitable for closed terrariums and some are suitable for planting in opened terrariums.
As previously mentioned, plants that are suitable for closed terrariums are plants that like a warm, moist, and humid environment.
If it’s the other way around, it means your plant is suitable for planting in an open terrarium.
Then, what is the difference between a closed terrarium and an open terrarium? Aren’t they the same?
If you are new to terrariums and have seen them at a glance, you might think that the two types of terrariums are the same.
However, it is important for you to understand, closed terrarium has its own ecosystem, so it only requires a little maintenance.
Unlike the case with an open terrarium which is another kind of container to place your plants.
As the name suggests, they are open, so they don’t have their own water cycle or anything else.
For an open terrarium, having a well-drained container is a must.
How Long Does a Closed Terrarium Last?
In fact, the lifetime of these closed terrariums is difficult to measure because they are an ecosystem rather than an isolated plant.
As an ecosystem, a closed terrarium is able to sustain itself, can even handle plant death and is set up to support new growth.
However, if your closed terrarium has healthy plants and good care, they will technically last forever.
They just need some minor maintenance to stay afloat.
The care includes storing them in a place that does not receive direct sunlight, providing occasional watering, and taking care of the plants.
Best Closed Terrarium Plants
It’s time for you to choose the best closed terrarium plants.
Remember, closed terrarium plants are moisture-loving, but that doesn’t mean getting soaked.
Peperomia is a type of epiphytic plant where in their natural habitat they grow attached to larger stems with decaying wood as the soil.
Epiphytic plant species generally get a height of no more than 12 inches.
Plants that are widely found in the tropics and subtropics also come with a variety of sizes, shapes, and color patterns.
For tropical and subtropical plant types, they will thrive in lighting conditions that are not too bright.
Full shade to bright indirect sunlight they love.
Some of the best pepperoma species to grow in closed terrariums are emerald ripple pepperoma, oval leaf pepperoma, and watermelon pepperoma.
Some of these pepperoma species have a small size and are suitable for planting in closed terrariums.
They grow to no more than 8 inches with beautiful leaf shapes.
Several species of pilesas are very suitable to be cultivated as ornamental plants for closed terrariums.
This tropical plant from the Urticacea family has a small size, likes high humidity, and requires easy lighting and care conditions.
In addition, just like other closed terrarium plants, they have leaves much prettier than the flowers and with an elegant appearance to add to your room decor.
Aluminum plant, friendship plant, dark mystery pilea, and moon valley pilea are the most popular species grown in closed terrariums.
If moss is usually removed, it is different for closed terrariums.
This plant has unique characteristics.
As non-vascular plants, they do not have specialized tissues to provide water and nutrients.
They absorb water through their leaves which means they are in constant contact with moisture making them perfect for closed terrariums.
Especially because they are slow growers and don’t grow roots, so they don’t need a lot of vertical space.
For closed terrariums, moss is usually used as ground cover so that your closed terrarium looks greener and fuller.
4. Creeping Fig
Another tropical plant that is suitable for planting in a closed terrarium is the creeping fig which can thrive in a warm and humid environment.
This vine grows as a dense ground cover with aerial roots that secrete latex glue so that it can adhere to the support.
The leaves of this plant are small, thick, and dark green in color with varying pila and texture, which is very beautiful when planted in a closed terrarium.
You can choose varieties that have a moderate growth rate such as Dorty.
5. Baby’s Tears
Baby’s tears (Soleirolia soleirolii) is another type of closed terrarium plant that is suitable as a soil cover just like moss.
They have characteristics that match closed terrariums, namely they like warmth, humidity, and indirect to bright sunlight.
The small leaves, smooth, with a bright yellowish green color bring a warm atmosphere to the closed terrarium to be placed in your room.
However, they tend to grow faster, so you may need frequent pruning.