In this world, there are many cherry tree varieties that are widely cultivated for use as fruit to the tree as an ornamental plant.
In addition to most of the cherry tree varieties, the fruit is edible, this plant is famous for having beautiful flowers with bright colors.
Currently, cherry trees are produced commercially for their fruit, which is generally made into various preparations such as sauces, cocktails, or sold whole.
Cherry Tree at a Glance
The cherry tree is a plant that comes from the genus Prunus, while the fruit is included in the type of stone fruit.
This plant comes from the Northern Hemisphere, including America, and Europe which is the largest and highest concentration.
However, this plant is also widely found in East Asia.
Naming Cherry itself is not only for the plant but also for the fruit, tree, and wood.
The cherry tree is widely used for various needs.
From the start the wood is widely used as furniture, the fruit is used as food and drink until the bark is often used for treatment.
Generally, cherry trees bloom in spring.
Cherry Tree Varieties
At least, there are about 430 different species contained in the same genus as this cherry tree spread to several parts of the world.
Of the many cherry tree varieties, here are some of the most common.
• Japanese Cherry Tree
The Japanese cherry tree (Prunus serrulata) is one of the most famous cherry tree varieties in the world.
This cherry tree is better known as “Sakura” which in Japanese means cherry blossoms.
Uniquely, although it is better known in Japan, it turns out that this cherry tree variety was first discovered in California and New York.
His famous status is not without reason.
This is because these cherry tree varieties have a unique and beautiful floral display of pink and white flowers when they bloom in spring.
It also displays leaves that can change color, being green in spring and yellow, orange, or red in fall.
After blooming, this tree will produce small red fruit but not for human consumption.
This cherry tree variety requires a minimum of 6 hours of direct sun exposure per day.
• Sweet Cherry Tree
In contrast to the Japanese cherry tree whose fruit is not suitable for human consumption, this sweet cherry tree is delicious to eat.
Although the fruit is delicious to eat, the twigs, leaves, and seeds of this variety are slightly toxic.
As the name implies, the fruit it produces is very sweet and the most delicious compared to other varieties.
Unlike other common cherry variants which are often eaten as jam or other preparations, sweet cherry trees are best consumed as fresh fruit.
The sweet cherry tree has white flowers that will give off a fragrant aroma in spring and then produce sweet cherries.
The leaves are dark green in spring, turning bronze in summer and fall.
This type of cherry tree basically requires full sun and moist, well-drained soil.
• Bing Cherry Tree
The Bing cherry tree (Prunus avium “Bing”) is a variety of cherry trees that can live in most states throughout the United States.
In appearance, the Bing cherry tree is characterized by drooping green leaves with jagged edges and white flowers.
Just like the sweet cherry tree, this cherry tree variety also has edible fruit.
This variety requires full sun and moist, well-drained soil.
It’s a good idea to keep a close distance from other cherry varieties so that the fruit can grow through cross-pollination.
• Weeping Higan Cherry
Weeping Higan cherry (Prunus subhirtella var. pendula) is known for its unique appearance.
This is because this cherry tree variety has an attractive overall shape.
The branches and flowers of this cherry tree variety are pendulous that rise, slender, which is why it is called the weeping Higan cherry.
Having beautiful pink flowers, this variety of cherry trees can grow up to 40 feet and wide.
For care, it is still the same as most other cherry trees, which are best in direct sunlight.
Also make sure the soil is always moist, sandy, or loam.
• Stella’s Cherry Tree
The Stella cherry tree (Prunus avium “Stella”) is the cherry tree variety that has the most superior fruit among other varieties.
This is because the fruit produced by this tree is the largest with a deep red color and is shaped like a heart.
The flowers themselves have a white color.
Just like other types of edible cherry trees, the Stella cherry tree also needs to be planted near other cherry varieties for cross-pollination to occur.
It also requires full sun with plenty of water in well-drained soil.
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• Sour Cherry Tree
The sour cherry tree (Prunus cerasus) is also known as the tart cherry.
Although the fruit belongs to the edible variety, generally the fruit is not eaten raw because it has a sharp and sour taste.
With this unique taste, these cherry tree varieties are often preserved or fermented to make jams and even alcoholic beverages and liquors.
The characteristics of the leaves are dark green with jagged edges and have distinct dark glands at the base.
The flowers are white with the fruit produced dark red to black.
This variety of cherry trees will do well in cooler, humid climates.
• Higan Cherry Tree
Higan cherry tree (Prunus subhirtella “Autumnalis”) or Aumtumnalis cherry tree is a cherry tree variety known for its high ornamental value.
Not without reason, this is because the Higan cherry tree has a unique and interesting overall shape.
This cherry tree variety has leaves that are green in the spring, then golden yellow in the fall.
Not only that, but it also has a long blooming period, so it is very suitable to be used as an ornamental plant.
The flower bears redbuds then turn semi-double, and frays to pink in late fall and white in winter.
Another plus of this variety is that it can tolerate very hot summers and very cold winters with few maintenance requirements.