Celosia care is very simple and easy, including planting.
Flowers commonly called cockscombs are very easy to care for as long as they are planted in the right soil and exposed to sunlight.
With the right care, Celosia will always give you its beauty.
To find out what type of treatment is right for your Celosia, see the following Celosia care guide.
A little About Celosia
Celosia (Celiosa spp.) is a year-round perennial in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11.
Flowers that have beautiful and diverse colors are also often referred to as cockscomb, feathered amaranth, wool flower, and red fox.
Native to South America, Africa, and Asia, this beautiful flower will be easy to cultivate in areas with warm and humid climates.
At least, there are about 60 species of Celosia scattered in the world.
Celosia is also a type of edible flower but is more commonly grown for ornamental purposes only.
Depending on the cultivar, a mature Celosia plant will generally grow to a height of between 6 inches to 3 feet.
In taking care of your celosia flowers, here are the things you need to pay attention to.
• Sunlight and Drainage
To grow well, Celosia needs a minimum of 8 hours of direct sun exposure per day.
The more exposure to sunlight, the better for Celosia’s growth.
In addition, Celosia also needs well-drained soil to be able to drain water well so as not to cause root rot.
If you are growing them in poorly drained soil, adding perlite along with a soil amendment can help with that.
• Organic Ingredients and pH
A good growing medium for Celosia is soil that contains high levels of organic matter with a soil pH level between 6 and 6.5.
Before starting to plant them, prepare the planting site by removing all weeds and then mixing organic matter into the soil in the fall.
The types of organic materials that are good for soil amendments are leaf fungus, peat, old cow dung, and compost.
Spread about 3-6 inches of organic matter over the soil and then thoroughly dip into the soil to a depth of 10-12 inches.
For Celosia, fertilization may not be necessary.
You can apply water-soluble fertilizers if they appear to be slow-growing at a rate of 3-1-2 every two weeks.
When they begin to flower, applying a 15-30-12 mixture can increase flower production.
• Flower Deadheading
Deadheading to remove faded or dead flowers from plants can encourage plants to produce more flowers.
It can also maintain the appearance of the plant as well as improve the overall performance of the plant.
Pinching the stem back as it grows will encourage the plant to grow thicker.
You can tie flowers on higher cultivars to stakes to prevent them from falling.
You can also opt for taller Celosia varieties like Fresh Look Red or Fresh Look Yellow whose stems won’t break easily when large flower heads develop.
When the plant has reached about 8-12 inches tall, remove any dead leaves and stems to support the growth of new leaves and stems.
Using scissors that have been sanitized with alcohol to remove flowers when they fade can promote more blooms.
• Take Care of the Climate
Celosia is a tropical plant that likes a warm and humid climate.
USDA zones 9-11 are appropriate to plant hardiness zones for Celosia.
Sprinkling organic mulch-like leaves every morning over the soil and grouping them together with other plants can help increase its moisture.
In addition, mulch can also help prevent weed growth.
If you are growing them in indoor pots, moisturize them or add gravel and a little water and then store the pots in a shallow tray.
• Pests and Diseases
One of the reasons why Celosia care is so easy and simple is that Celosia is not susceptible to damage from pests and diseases.
Diseases that your Celosia plants may experience are root rot and leaf wilting or discoloration which can occur due to soil that has poor drainage.
In addition, mold and powdery mildew can also change the color of the leaves and can even kill the plant.
While pests that may attack are spider mites and aphids.
Just get rid of them with a strong stream of water.
Also, avoid overhead watering to prevent powdery mildew and leaf spot.
Doing the bottom watering method is the best method because it allows the soil to absorb water evenly and allows excess water to drain out through the bottom hole of the pot.
How to Plant Celosia
In addition to the right Celosia care, how to plant them properly will also affect your Celosia.
To grow Celosia, we advise you to buy Celosia seedlings from a nursery or florist and then plant them indoors about 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost.
Be sure to keep the temperature in the range between 70 and 75 degrees F as well as the humidity for faster germination.
After germination has occurred, you can transplant them in the spring after the last frost.
Celosia loves sunlight, so choose a planting location that allows them to receive at least 8 hours of full sun each day.
In fact, they can also tolerate partial shade, but the resulting flowers will not be as clear as to when they receive sun exposure.
Plant them in well-drained soil that has been mixed with organic matter.
Simply water them every three to four times a week to keep the soil from drying out completely.
It’s best to reduce watering during the fall to about twice a week and once a week in the winter.
When watering, do not water too much so that the soil does not get wet or plant rot will occur.
To promote growth, give your Celosia plant a water-soluble fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during spring and summer.
Also, consider adding a few inches of mulch to retain moisture and provide additional nutrients to the soil.