Cauliflower plants are vegetable plants that belong to the botrytis group of the genus Brassica olecea which is still in the same family as cabbage, broccoli, and mustard greens.
This type of vegetable is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals for the body.
Looking at its shape, at first glance, this cauliflower looks like broccoli.
However, if you look closely you will see the difference between cauliflower and broccoli.
Cauliflower has more numerous and more densely regular flower heads than broccoli.
Generally, people cook cauliflower before eating it, but some people eat it raw or pickle it.
In whole cauliflower plants, only the white curd is commonly eaten.
Can I Grow Cauliflower Plants at Home?
Cauliflower plants are winter crops that are widely grown in the coastal valley areas of California.
Even so, you can also grow it at home for your needs.
The most important thing is that you need to know the right timing to get the right temperature.
Cauliflower plants like cool temperatures and sun exposure to grow in spring and fall.
Temperatures between 60-65 degrees F and no higher than 75 degrees F are the temperatures cauliflower plants prefer to thrive.
When the temperature exceeds 75 degrees F, cauliflower plants have a tendency to button or lock, which is a condition when the plant makes ahead with a small button size.
The correct USDA zone for growing this one plant is between 2 and 11.
In addition, cauliflower plants also need fertile soil with a steady supply of water and nutrients to grow healthily.
Tips for Growing Cauliflower Plants
As an annual plant that is considered a “superfood” because of its high nutritional content, you may be interested in growing it and harvesting it yourself at home.
Planting cauliflower plants can be an easy thing to do if you follow our directions.
Here are some tips for growing and growing cauliflower plants.
– Choose quality cultivars for best results.
Currently, there are many new hybrids and cultivars of cauliflower that produce better qualities such as smoother heads, higher nutritional content, and increased disease resistance.
Some of these hybrids and cultivars include artibut hybrids, cheddar hybrids, purple hybrids, early white hybrids, and many more.
- If you grow it from seeds, choose also good quality.
- Harden the seedlings for 5-7 days indoors, then transplant them outdoors and place them in the shade and then gradually move them to places exposed to sunlight.
- Do the transplant process on a cool and cloudy day, or in the afternoon so that your cauliflower plants are not stressed.
- Use fertile soil that is moist but well-drained with plenty of organic matter.
- Ensure soil pH is between 6.5 and 6.8 for optimal growth.
- As with other plants, give your cauliflower plants at least 6 hours of full sun each day.
- Arrange planting in early spring, which is about 2-4 weeks before the last frost to ripen before summer.
- Adding organic mulch can help keep the soil cool and moist, so cauliflower plants are preferred.
- Apply liquid fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions at the time of transplantation, then replace it with nitrogen-rich compost when the plant is well established.
How to Grow Cauliflower Plants
After knowing some tips for growing cauliflower plants, now is the time for you to try planting and growing them.
Plant cauliflower plants in the spring between 2-4 weeks before the last frost.
When planting cauliflower plants, plant them in rows with about 18 inches between plants and about 30 inches between rows.
Mix a few inches of compost and nutrient-rich organic matter into their growing medium.
Also, add about 3 inches of mulch, then give them 1-1.5 inches of water each week.
When the cauliflower is about the size of a fist, fold the leaves over the head lightly and secure with tongs or twine.
This can help shade the head to ensure it is white and soft when harvested.
How to Grow Cauliflower Plants From Seed
You may want to grow cauliflower from seed.
Although it takes longer to harvest, it doesn’t mean it’s impossible to do.
You can start sowing seeds about 4-5 weeks before the last spring date.
Sprinkle in rows 3-6 inches apart about an inch deep.
Give water consistently throughout the germination period so that it can grow well.
Once germination has occurred, transplant them 2-4 weeks before the last spring date.
When transplanting seedlings, set them 18-24 inches apart with about 30 inches between rows.
Protect your plants from frost in early spring by covering them with cloth row covers or used milk jugs to prevent the cauliflower from buttoning.
To keep the soil moist, you can also add mulch.
How to Care Your Cauliflower Plants
Care is very important in growing cauliflower plants for optimal results.
Regularly water your cauliflower plants with 2 inches of water every week.
Don’t forget to give them fertilizer after 3-4 weeks from planting to keep them nourished.
Cauliflower generally does not like any changes, whether in the form of temperature, humidity, soil nutrients because it can cause the plant to develop heads prematurely.
Therefore, keep it consistent.
How to Harvest Your Cauliflower Plants
The cauliflower you plant will generally be ready for harvest one to two weeks after blanching (after you tie the cauliflower leaves with twine or clothespins).
Harvest before the flower parts start to separate, which is when the heads are over 6 inches.
When harvesting cauliflower, cut it from the base of the neck of the plant with a large knife and leave a set of leaves to protect the head.
If the heads are too small but have started to open, just harvest them as they will not improve.
If you see cauliflowers that have a rooted appearance, throw them away because that means they have passed maturity.
After harvesting, you need to store them in the refrigerator, but after you wrap them in plastic bags.